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Antarctica is a continent located in the extreme southern portion of the earth. With the South Pole near its center, the continent is rocky, nearly completely covered with ice. Because of its remoteness and unsuitability towards settlement, it is one of the few land masses to not have major human activity. The closest continent to Antarctica is South America.
In sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, mapmakers believed that a large continent in the southern part of world existed, and labeled their maps with "Terra Australis". Antarctica was not actually sighted until 1820, and its coasts were explored in the 1800s and expeditions to reach the South Pole occurred in the early 1900s. Whaling and sealing outposts were set up in the 1800s, but most twentieth century visitors were scientific researchers. While political claims have been made to portions of Antarctica by the international community, the continent, with no permanent native population, is politically neutral.
For archaeologists, Antarctica is of limited interest due to the lack of human settlements until the mid 1800s, when whaling and sealing stations were established.
Adventures in AntarcticaEdit
- Safari Sleuth (Mentioned only)
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull novel — "Over the past decades he'd traveled to every continent and most countries[...]"